From the newsletter: WW MLK Fellows Provide Four Decades of Leadership

Clockwise from top left: Justice Robert D. Rucker MLK '74; an archival WW photo of Douglas B. Sumner, MLK Program Director 1973-1975, and Calrence Williams MLK '73; Dr. James E. Savage MLK '68.

Clockwise from top left: Justice Robert D. Rucker MLK ’74; an archival WW photo of Douglas B. Sumner, MLK Program Director 1973-1975, and Calrence Williams MLK ’73; and Dr. James E. Savage MLK ’68.

Established in 1968, the Martin Luther King Jr. Fellowships offered Black veterans who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during the Vietnam Era the opportunity to pursue graduate or professional degrees. The 245 MLK Fellows went on to flourish in a range of fields, from law to medicine, social work to public administration.

For Indiana Supreme Court Justice Robert D. Rucker MLK ‘74, “The financial support that the Fellowship provided was tremendously important.”

After completing his U.S. Army service, Justice Rucker completed his B.A. at Indiana University and used his Fellowship to attend Valparaiso University School of Law. “Without the Fellowship,” he says, “I’m not sure at all how I would have financed my law school education.”

Dr. James E. Savage’s undergraduate career was split by a stint in the U.S. Air Force. While completing his undergraduate degree at Norfolk State University, Dr. Savage MLK ‘## was introduced to psychology and encouraged by his mentor to study the field. As one of the first MLK Fellows, he went on to receive his M.A. and Ph.D. from Northwestern University.

“[The Fellowship] gave me the opportunity to pursue psychology,” says Dr. Savage. “I’ve been able to complete many of the things that I had planned to do in terms of using my education to help within the Black community.”

In 1979 he founded the Institute for Life Enrichment, which now comprises three clinics in the greater Washington, DC, area. “My clinics have helped thousands of Afro-Americans as well as others,” says Dr. Savage.

Throughout his career, Justice Rucker has been dedicated to increasing diversity in the legal profession. In 1991 he was appointed to the Indiana Court of Appeals, becoming the first African-American appellate judge in the state. Eight years later, he was appointed to his current seat on the Indiana Supreme Court.

“Over the years we have really witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of women and people of color entering the legal profession,” says Justice Rucker. “But to paraphrase the words of Robert Frost, we have miles to go before we sleep.”

Justice Rucker cites the out-of-reach cost of a legal education for many and the need for majority law firms to increase their recruitment and retention efforts of minorities. Justice Rucker has supported women and lawyers of color by appointing them to various Supreme Court boards and commissions, consistently hiring them as law clerks, and being a mentor.

“It has been a very rewarding experience for me, watching and mentoring and guiding young lawyers as they are beginning their legal careers,” says Justice Rucker.

Dr. Savage also sees mentoring as crucial in diversifying his field. As a professor at Howard and George Mason Universities and in his role as the 2004 President of the Association of Black Psychologists, Dr. Savage has influenced many students and professionals.

“Many of our young people had no role models for the profession they chose to embark upon,” says Dr. Savage. “So being one of the early role models, and an up-close-and-personal type of role model, I did give them at least a glimpse of what they could bring to the field and what the field could bring to them.”

Along with changes to their fields, both Fellows have also seen a change in the treatment of veterans since their time of service. Justice Rucker remembers a time when “many Americans confused opposition to the war with opposition to the warrior. So veterans felt the brunt of much anger and hostility.”

Today, although attitudes have changes and many supports are available to veterans, Dr. Savage thinks more must be done, especially in the field of mental health. “We have a challenge to provide the services necessary to bring about some resilience in that veteran population.”

While the MLK Fellowship program ended in 1974, the Fellows’ leadership today is as crucial as ever.

“I think that in my day-to-day routines I’m still dealing with some of the issues, such as systemic racism, that are facing the Afro-American community,” says Dr. Savage. “I think psychology has a very important role and I plan to continue to work and provide the kind of guidance and service to see our way out of this quagmire of despair that we’ve been in for a long time.”


This story appeared in the spring 2016 issue of Fellowship, the newsletter of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation, in a section titled Diversity at WW. To see the full newsletter, click here.


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